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Arbutus menziesii

Arbutus menziesii Pursh

 

Pacific Madrone, Madroño, Madroña, Bearberry, Strawberry Tree

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderEricalesTea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, azalea, many others
FamilyEricaceaeHeath or heather family
GenusArbutusLatin name for this tree
SpeciesmenziesiiFor discoverer Archibald Menzies, 19th century Scottish physician and naturalist

About plant names...

Pacific madrone is a North American native tree.

Identification: The pacific madrone is a North American native whose most arresting feature is the bright red-orange bark, which constantly peels away from the tree. These trees reach up to 90' (27 m), but are more commonly half this size. It is sensitive to soil conditions, and especially to changing soil conditions, and is declining over its range.

Scott Jones of www.plantcomprehensive.com suggests that this is probably a cultivar, Arbutus ‘Marina’, a hybrid from the Mediterranean Sea area, which is a cross between Arbutus andrachne and A. unedo. Scott included this link to Arbutus ‘Marina’ at San Marcos Growers. I am inclined to agree, but don’t have enough information to be certain.

Online References:

Arbutus menziesii at San Marcos Growers

Arbutus menziesii on Wikipedia

Arbutus menziesii on CalPhotos

Arbutus menziesii on FLORIDATA

Arbutus menziesii on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Arbutus menziesii on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Arbutus menziesii at the USDA Forest Service's Silvics of North America site

Arbutus menziesii from the Jepson Manual

Arbutus menziesii (Pacific Madrone, Madroño, Madroña, Bearberry, Strawberry Tree)

6/13/2007 · Waterfront near Ghirardelli factory, San Francisco, CA
≈ 17 × 25" (42 × 64 cm) ID is uncertain

Arbutus menziesii description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 4 Dec 2014.

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Arbutus menziesii (Pacific Madrone, Madroño, Madroña, Bearberry, Strawberry Tree)

6/13/2007 · Waterfront near Ghirardelli factory, San Francisco, CA ID is uncertain

Arbutus menziesii (Pacific Madrone, Madroño, Madroña, Bearberry, Strawberry Tree)

8/28/2007 · Valley of the Rogue State Park, OR
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm) ID is uncertain

Range: Zones 5-8:

About this map...