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Ferocactus gracilis

Ferocactus gracilis H. E. Gates 1933

Ferocactus coloratus H. E. Gates 1933

Ferocactus gracilis var. coloratus (H. E. Gates) G. E. Lindsay 1955

Ferocactus gracilis subsp. coloratus (H. E. Gates) N. P. Taylor 1998

Ferocactus viscainensis H. E. Gates 1933

Ferocactus peninsulae var. viscainensis (H. E. Gates) G. E. Lindsay 1955

Ferocactus gatesii G. E. Lindsay 1955

Ferocactus gracilis subsp. gatesii (G. E. Lindsay) N. P. Taylor 1998

Baja Fire Barrel, Fire Barrel Cactus, Fishhook Cactus, Biznaga Colorada

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassCaryophyllidaeCacti, many other succulents, carnivorous plants, and leadworts
OrderCaryophyllalesIncludes cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, and many carnivorous plants
FamilyCactaceaeSucculent (water-storing) plants, often spiny
GenusFerocactusFrom the Latin ferus, “fierce,” and cactus, referring to its heavy spines
SpeciesgracilisSee gracile above

About plant names...

This species is found only in Baja California, Mexico. A subspecies, Ferocactus gracilis ssp. gatesii, is found only on islands in the mouth of Bahia de los Angelas in the Gulf of California near the southern tip of Baja California.

Identification: Plants are singular, globe-shaped or cylindrical, up to 5' (1.5 m) high and 12" (30 cm) in diameter. The spine groups are a little complicated. Each group consists of a set of small white radial spines, nearly flat against the cactus, emanating like spokes on a wheel from the areole. Above this are larger, more haphazardly oriented central spines. The central spines are reddish with yellow tips, dominated by four large spines up to 2½" (7 cm) long, at right angles to each other. 3-9 smaller central spines are also present. The central spines are flattened, often curved near the tips, and minutely ridged. Flowers are funnel-shaped, red, 1½" (4 cm) × 1¼" (3.5 cm).

Ferocactus gracilis (Baja Fire Barrel, Fire Barrel Cactus, Fishhook Cactus, Biznaga Colorada)

Central and radial spines in Ferocactus gracilis.

References:

Anderson, Edward F., The Cactus Family, Timber Press, 2001, p. 320

Online References:

Ferocactus gracilis on CalPhotos

Ferocactus gracilis on Cactus Art: the World of Cacti & Succulents

Ferocactus gracilis on CactiGuide.com

Ferocactus gracilis at the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum Sonoran Desert Digital Library

Ferocactus gracilis on Desert-tropicals.com

Ferocactus gracilis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Ferocactus gracilis (Baja Fire Barrel, Fire Barrel Cactus, Fishhook Cactus, Biznaga Colorada)

5/24/2009 · Arizona Sonora Desert Museum, Tucson, AZ
≈ 14 × 13" (35 × 33 cm)

Ferocactus gracilis (Baja Fire Barrel, Fire Barrel Cactus, Fishhook Cactus, Biznaga Colorada)

This is the subspecies, Ferocactus gracilis ssp. coloratus. · 2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA

Ferocactus gracilis (Baja Fire Barrel, Fire Barrel Cactus, Fishhook Cactus, Biznaga Colorada)

2/24/2010 · San Diego (Quail) Botanic Garden, Encinitas, CA

Range: Zones 9b-11:

About this map...