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Vaccinium oxycoccos

Vaccinium oxycoccos L.

Oxycoccus hagerupii A. Löve & D. Löve

Oxycoccus intermedius (A. Gray) Rydb.

Oxycoccus microcarpos Turcz. ex Rupr.

Oxycoccus ovalifolius (Michx.) A.E. Porsild

Oxycoccus oxycoccos (L.) MacMill.

Oxycoccus oxycoccos (L.) Adolphi

Oxycoccus palustris Pers.

Oxycoccus palustris Pers. ssp. microphyllus (Lange) A. Löve & D. Löve

Oxycoccus palustris Pers. var. intermedius (A. Gray) Howell

Oxycoccus palustris Pers. var. ovalifolius (Michx.) Seymour

Oxycoccus quadripetalus Gilib.

Oxycoccus quadripetalus Gilib. var. microphyllus (Lange) A.E. Porsild

Vaccinium microcarpos (Turcz. ex Rupr.) Schmalh.

Vaccinium oxycoccos L. ssp. microphyllum (Lange) J. Feilberg

Vaccinium oxycoccos L. var. intermedium A. Gray

Vaccinium oxycoccos L. var. microphyllum (Lange) Rouss. & Raymond

Vaccinium oxycoccos L. var. ovalifolium Michx.

Small Cranberry

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionMagnoliophytaFlowering plants, also known as angiosperms
ClassMagnoliopsidaDicotyledons—plants with two initial seed leaves
SubclassAsteridaeA large class that encompasses asters
OrderEricalesTea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, azalea, many others
FamilyEricaceaeHeath or heather family
GenusVacciniumAncient Latin name for billberry
SpeciesoxycoccosOld Latin name for “acid-berry”

About plant names...

The small cranberry likes acidic bogs, like its cousin the large cranberry.

Identification: Small cranberries form mats of tiny shrubs only a few centimeters in height. Leaf edges are rolled under. Leaves are opposite, roughly oval (ovate), wider at the base, pointed at the tip. Flowers are dark pink, and four-petaled, with the petals bending way back to the stem (“reflexed”). Small cranberry fruits are less than ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter, while large cranberries are more than ½" (1.3 cm) in diameter. Both are deep red when ripe.

Vaccinium oxycoccos (Small Cranberry)

Small cranberry leaves are curved. From dic.academic.ru.

This Vaccinium comparison chart also includes a couple of similar-appearing species that are not Vaccinium.

Edibility: Fruit is edible, raw or cooked, although it is very tart when raw. The tartness is usually tempered with sugar.

Online References:

Vaccinium oxycoccos on the Ecology of Commanster

Vaccinium oxycoccos on the Connecticut Botanical Society's Connecticut wildflowers site

Vaccinium oxycoccos on dic.academic.ru

Vaccinium oxycoccos on Wikipedia

Vaccinium oxycoccos on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Vaccinium oxycoccos at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Vaccinium oxycoccos at Alaskawildflowers.us

Vaccinium oxycoccos on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Vaccinium oxycoccos on eFloras

Vaccinium oxycoccos description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 15 Oct 2013.

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Vaccinium oxycoccos (Small Cranberry)

See the frog? · 9/20/2009 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 17 × 12" (44 × 29 cm)

Vaccinium oxycoccos (Small Cranberry)

9/20/2009 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 21 × 14" (52 × 34 cm)

Range:

About this map...