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Juniperus communis

Juniperus communis L.

 

Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper

KingdomPlantaePlants, but not fungi, lichens, or algae (from Stearn’s Botanical Latin)
SubkingdomTracheobiontaVascular plants—plants with a “circulatory system” for delivering water and nutrients
DivisionConiferophytaConifers—cone-bearing trees (and a few shrubs)
ClassPinopsidaGymnosperms such as cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauri, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews
OrderPinalesCone-bearing plants: cedar, cypress, fir, juniper, larch, pine, redwood, spruce, yew, and others
FamilyCupressaceaeCypres family, including junipers and redwoods
GenusJuniperusLatin for “juniper”
SpeciescommunisLatin for “common, general,” means growing in communities

About plant names...

Common juniper is native to North America, Europe, and Asia.

Identification: Juniper is a woody shrub less than 13' (4 m) high, or small tree, rarely reaching 33' (10 m). Its multiple stems tend to be gnarled and uneven, sometimes lying almost flat. Needles are gray-green to blue-green in color, sometimes appearing silvery. Cones are roughly spherical in shape, ¼-½" (8.4-12 mm) in diameter, blue-black, with a waxy sheen.

Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

Juniper berries (or cones), from Yellowstone National Park. Photographer is unknown.

Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

From Thomé, Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm, Flora von Deutschland Österreich und der Schweiz., 1885.

Online References:

Juniperus communis on Earl J.S. Rook's Flora, Fauna, Earth, and Sky ... The Natural History of the Northwoods

Juniperus communis on The Gymnosperm Database

Juniperus communis on Wikipedia

Juniperus communis on The Gymnosperm Database

Juniperus communis at the University of Connecticut Plant Database

Juniperus communis at the Virginia Tech Department of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation

Juniperus communis on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants

Juniperus communis at the University of Wisconsin's Robert W. Freckmann Herbarium

Juniperus communis at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Juniperus communis on the USDA Forest Service's Fire Effects Information Database

Juniperus communis description by Thomas H. Kent, last updated 16 Aug 2013.

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Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

5/15/2010 · Garden in the Woods, Framingham, MA
≈ 20 × 16" (49 × 40 cm)

Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

9/29/2013 · North Bubble Hike, Acadia National Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 21 × 14" (52 × 34 cm)

Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

9/28/2013 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia Naitonal Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 4 × 6" (11 × 16 cm)

Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

9/28/2013 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia Naitonal Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 6 × 4" (16 × 11 cm)

Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

4/3/2010 · Mt. Battie (Elev. 780'), Camden, ME
≈ 9 × 6" (23 × 15 cm)

Juniperus communis (Berkshire Common Juniper, Common Juniper, Ground Juniper)

9/28/2013 · Wild Gardens of Acadia, Acadia Naitonal Park, Bar Harbor, ME
≈ 4 × 6" (10 × 14 cm)

Range:

About this map...